Modern Era in Mallorca

This is a time in which, with the death of the Catholic Kings, the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon had the same king for the first time. There were popular uprisings, known as the Germanies, when, in 1521 and 1522, the rural part of Mallorca (the whole island except Palma) rose up against the dominant classes of the city of Palma as a consequence of the tax system imposed by Carlos I. At the same time, the courts of the Inquisition passed their first verdicts on Jews who had converted to Christianity in Mallorca.

These times were marked by plagues and hunger brought about by low levels of wheat production, which made it necessary to import food for the island´s population. There were also coastal attacks by pirates from North Africa and wars, such as the war of succession between the Austrian and Bourbon dynasties, which was won by the latter in 1713 with the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht. In 1715 Felipe V proclaimed the decree known as the Decret de Nova Planta, which brought about the end of the governing institutions of Mallorca and the Crown of Aragon and prohibited the use of the Catalan language, which was the tongue spoken on Mallorca. This was the start of a long period of repression of the Catalan language, which continued on and off until the restoration of democracy in 1978.Catalan continues to be the first language of the majority of Mallorcans.



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